= Very interesting photograph albums, created over 4 decades by J.P.E. Klaverwyden, a Dutch employee of the Asiatic Petroleum Company (joint venture of the Royal Dutch Petroleum Company and Shell). He was stationed in the republic of China from ±1919 up to 1937 and travelled extensively around the country side of China (mostly in the north east), probably while visiting offices of the oil company, its depots and homes of Dutch engineers and on holiday and hunting trips. Apart from some personal photographs and portraits of family members, social gatherings, friends and colleagues, the most interesting and charming section of these albums form the numerous photographs taken of Chinese landscapes, monuments, streets of cities and villages and the people inhabiting them, in the early years of the Chinese republic, starting in the tumultuous war lord era. The photographs show Klaverwyden's interest in Chinese daily life and people. There are some larger pictures showing official group portraits with western and Chinese officials and also with Japanese officers (i.a. The International Club), a few identified in captions below. Being an avid and enthousiastic hunter, he organized various hunting trips i.a. in Manchuria (with a mention in a clipping of a local Russian newspaper article), which are a recurrent theme in the albums. The photographer was probably stationed for a while in Qingdao ("Tsingtao"), which in 1920-21, when the photographs were taken, was occupied by Japan. The photographs show various Japanese elements (i.a. geishas, sumo wrestlers), horse and donkey racing, street and beach views, various bunkers, the A.P.C. offices and some oil tanks which were destroyed during the Siege of Tsingtao in 1914. Between 1922 and 1926 he seems stationed in Yingkao ("Newchwang"), where he photographed many street views and a series showing the funeral parade of the Tao-yin (divisional official or governor) of Yingkao. Klaverwyden was probably also stationed in Shanghai or surroundings for a while, because there are several images of him in a uniform of the Shanghai Municipal Police Corps or Volunteer Corps (an international voluntary military corps). There are also shots of military in action in Shanghai in 1927 and of the Shanghai war of 1932 between China and Japan, i.a. of the bombardment of the north station, views of refugees and various military posts. Later the Sino-Japanese War of 1937 also pops up in the images. It was probably the reason why Klaverwyden, after marrying his wife miss Beall von Wedel, settled in British Columbia in 1938. The last section of the last album shows him and his family around his self made home on the shores of Ootsa Lake, British Columbia. During his last years, which are not shown in these albums, he lived in Victoria on Vancouver Island and appears to have been an art collector. He beqeathed his collection to the Art Gallery of Greater Victoria.
Somewhere between 800 to 1000 photographs were taken in China and some 200 in East Asia (Japan, Korea). Some of the mentioned places in China: Shanghai, Suzhou ("Soochow"), Nanking, Jinan ("Tsinanfu"), Zoucheng, Yen Chou Fu, Taishan (Guangdong), Tsingchowfu, Haiyee, Qufu (the grave of Confucius), Qingzhou, Yingkou ("Newchwang"), Shenyang ("Moukden"), Pinghu (i.a. the pagode), Dalian ("Dalny"), Wutingfu, Beijing, Harbin, Dairen, Dongqian Lake ("Ningpo Lake"), the Great Wall near Nankow Pass and various photographs of hunting trips in Manchuria, i.a. near the Russian border. The albums contain also images of trips to Japan (i.a. Yokohama (right after the earthquake of 1925, Unzen volcano, Shimabara, Mount Aso) and Canada (mostly tourist snapshots of Vancouver, Seattle, Winnipeg, Toronto) and during home leaves, visits to Europe (i.a. Metz, Nice, Bruges, Italy), Singapore, Penang, Sumatra, Djibouti, Palestine (i.a. Jerusalem), from Syria to Iraq (Bagdad) (w. the Nairn Transport Bus), Istanbul and Budapest. And after his marriage in 1937, photographs were made on a trip to Korea. SEE ILLUSTRATION PLATE LIX.