= An extraordinarily rich collection of drawings by Abraham Rutgers, a prolific and skillful amateur draughtsman who earned his living as a textile merchant, and whose drawings are notable for at least two reasons according to B. Broos: their strong emphasis on well defined lines that lead to the vanishing point and their topographical specificity (Broos, Rembrandt en tekenaars uit zijn omgeving p.195). As is known from a collection of drawings by Rutgers which is kept in the Museum Mr. Simon van Gijn in Dordrecht, Rutgers divided his drawings into three different types: "Principale" (after nature), "Inventive" (the artist's own invention) and "Copijen" (copies after drawings and etchings by other artists). Rutgers found great inspiration in the drawings of his fellow artist Jacob Esselens and in the etched work of Allart van Everdingen: 43 drawings in this collection are copies of etchings by Van Everdingen, often altered slightly, with original additions to/ extensions of the image at left and/ or right margin, or on a different scale. About eight drawings show (the surroundings of) an unidentified (existing?) walled town with a castle and a church on a broad river (Mosel? Rhine?) in a vast, hilly but also partly flat landscape. There are several other (mountainous) landscape views (occasionally with travellers), a Dutch river view with many mills, and approximately eight views of most probably the river Vecht. Rutgers also travelled abroad: four drawings of the village of Tonbridge (in Kent) are included, each titled on verso: "Tombrits van de hoogte in Engelant", "Tombrits van d'and Zyde int Dorp", "Tombrits noch van een ander Seyde", as well as a view of "S'gravesend Van de hoogte" (Gravesend, also in Kent), and a view of the outer walls of "Winsor Castel". Two drawings show buildings on an unidentified (Dutch) estate(?), titled by the artist on verso "t'groot huys inde Tuyn" and "t'klyn huijs inde Tuyn genaamt de Loots". Another drawing shows the garden wall of the same premises from the outside, bordering on a river. He also drew "T'huys in portenge [= Portengen, in the Vechtstreek] het ploegie van binnen" and a view of "Aernhem" (both also titled on verso by the artist), and made a sweet drawing of a cat named Piet titled on verso by the artist: "Piet slaapt bijt Vier [= bij 't vuur] op 27 Xber [October] 85 getekent AR", making this the only drawing in the collection bearing the draughtman's monogram. SEE ILLUSTRATIONS ON FRONTCOVER and PLATE CIII.